Suboxone is a combination of its active ingredient, Buprenorphine, and another medication called naloxone which is not active in the Suboxone formulation. Suboxone comes in several strengths and formulations, the most common being 8-2, meaning there are 8 mg of buprenorphine and 2 mg of naloxone. Studies show that taking more than 2 mg/ day of Buprenorphine prevents withdrawals and getting up to 12-16 mg/day of Buprenorphine prevents cravings. For that reason, many patients are often prescribed 1.5-2 tabs/films of Suboxone each day, though some may take more and some may take less. Suboxone comes in both films and tablets which are absorbed “sublingually,” meaning under the tongue.
The active ingredient in Suboxone “Buprenorphine” comes in other formulations, strengths, and routes. While Suboxone is the most common formulation, below is a chart that shows the different ways and strengths through which Buprenorphine can be delivered.